In this text author William Ming Liu presents theory and research on the impact of classism and social class on mental health. He provides an original framework—the Social Class Worldview Model—for exploring each person’s individual and subjective life experiences. These experiences form a perspective that is unique to the individual. The author then helps the reader integrate this realization into the study of poverty, economic inequality, wealth, and the often overlooked implications of greed, materialism, and consumerism for a more complete understanding of social class and classism. Liu’s original Social Class Worldview Model–Revised provides a theoretical framework for integrating each individual’s reaction to social class and classism experiences and addressing that worldview within counseling and psychology work. Readers receive guidance in additional ways to act as advocates for their clients—regardless of affluence—through a study of privilege, social justice, empowerment, and competence.

Problems in Social Class Measurement and Research

Problems in social class measurement and research

During graduate school when I was first thinking about a theoretical model for social class, I would watch MTV. MTV stopped showing music videos for the most part and replaced most of that programming with reality shows such as Cribs (a show about expensive homes) and other “reality” shows. Most of the shows featured luxurious, glamorous, and affluent lifestyles with lavish cars and expensive homes. It was interesting to me that the individuals featured in many of these shows were affluent and tended to show off their wealth. They spent lavishly and seemed to buy whatever was in front of them, or more importantly, whatever would mark them as rich. Athletes, performers, ...

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