- Subject index
“The book achieves its goal of encouraging the reader to think broadly about how the consequences of violent victimization can be measured, understood, and prevented. The authors also achieve their goal of emphasizing the need for multiple research methods and multiple theoretical perspectives for understanding the effects and implications of violent crime. The book would certainly be a useful resource for students studying psychology or criminology, and is likely to be of interest to professionals who work with victims of violent crime.”
--CRIME PREVENTION AND COMMUNITY SAFETY: AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL
What are the effects that violent crime has on our everyday lives, both in terms of the individual victims and their larger community? This unique text draws from both the fields of criminology and psychology to provide a comprehensive examination of the two major areas that are most significantly effected by violent crime - the crime victims themselves and the larger sphere of their families, friends, neighborhoods, and communities. Beginning with a discussion of the how we measure and study violent victimization, the authors R. Barry Ruback and Martie P. Thompson, look at the immediate and long-term impact violent acts has upon the direct victims. Social and Psychological Consequences of Violent Victimization examines “secondary victims”- family members, neighbors, friends, and the professional involved with investigating and prosecuting the crime and helping the victim, and also impacts of violent crime on neighborhoods and communities. The authors conclude with recommendations of effective interventions that can be made at the levels of the individual, the community, and the criminal justice and mental health systems.
This book's one-of-a kind focus on both the psychological and social impact of crime makes it an invaluable supplementary text for criminal justice and criminology courses dealing with victimization, violent crimes, and the criminal justice process. The book will also interest professionals in victim services, crime prevention, criminal justice, and social work.
Chapter 2: Studying the Effects of Victimization
Studying the Effects of Victimization
Because the criminal justice system is primarily concerned with preventing and responding to crime, police need to know both the incidence and prevalence of criminal victimizations. Incidence refers to the rate of crime incidents (e.g., the number of crimes per 100,000 people), and prevalence refers to the rate of victims (e.g., the number of individuals victimized per 100,000 people). Estimates of incidence and prevalence come from the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) and the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), each of which, as we discussed in Chapter 1, has strengths and weaknesses. Because these measures are widely known and generally accepted, researchers and practitioners use them to gauge the extent of criminal victimization, especially in terms of ...