Snapshots of Research: Readings in Criminology and Criminal Justice is a comprehensive, cutting-edge text that provides an introductory overview of the main research methods used in the fields of criminology and criminal justice. This text/reader offers a wide range of modern research examples, as well as several classic articles, including a broad range of readings from the four major branches of the criminal justice system—policing, courts/law, juvenile justice, and corrections—that are relevant to career paths students may be interested in pursuing.

Conceptualization and Measurement

Conceptualization and measurement

In Chapter 1, it was stated that concepts are human-created ideas that represent reality. Concepts allow researchers to gain a better understanding of the social world we live in. For example, intelligence is a concept—a human-created idea to measure how smart an individual is. ...

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