Snapshots of Research: Readings in Criminology and Criminal Justice is a comprehensive, cutting-edge text that provides an introductory overview of the main research methods used in the fields of criminology and criminal justice. This text/reader offers a wide range of modern research examples, as well as several classic articles, including a broad range of readings from the four major branches of the criminal justice system—policing, courts/law, juvenile justice, and corrections—that are relevant to career paths students may be interested in pursuing.
Chapter 4: Conceptualization and Measurement
Conceptualization and Measurement
In Chapter 1, it was stated that concepts are human-created ideas that represent reality. Concepts allow researchers to gain a better understanding of the social world we live in. For example, intelligence is a concept—a human-created idea to measure how smart an individual is. ...