Simple Strategies for Teaching Children at Risk K-5
Publication Year: 2014
Easy to implement strategies teachers can use right now
While opinions differ on how to define students who are “at risk.” most teachers agree that they are seeing more children hit roadblocks due to limited academic experiences, challenging environments, ADHD, or behavioral problems. Teachers often feel underprepared to connect with these students and improve their learning experiences.
In their latest work, Melissa Stormont and Cathy Newman Thomas draw upon their field experiences within special education and psychology to offer K-5 teachers practical tools for building relationships with these children. Readers will discover simple strategies for developing students' academic aptitude and social behavior as well as how to
Identify who is at risk for failure and why; Build positive teacher-student relationships and establish supportive groups among children; Use data-based ...
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
- Chapter 1: Who is at Risk for Failure?
- Chapter 2: Strategies for Building Relationships
- Chapter 3: Using Data-Based Decision Making
- Chapter 4: Increase Time to Practice with Feedback
- Chapter 5: Teach and Support Desired Social Behavior
- Chapter 6: Use Simple Supports for Improving Academic Success
- Chapter 7: Use Technology
- Chapter 8: Collaborate with Other Professionals and Support Family Involvement
I dedicate this book to two friends, Molly Stebbins and Lori Justice, who have been so critical in shaping my personal and professional life over the past 30 years.
With all of my love, I dedicate this book to my sons, Jake and Kevin Noah for becoming such good adults and for teaching me daily about life and what isreally important.
—Cathy Newman Thomas
Copyright © 2014 by Corwin
All rights reserved. When forms and sample documents are included, their use is authorized only by educators, local school sites, and/or noncommercial or nonprofit entities that have purchased the book. Except for that usage, no part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
All trade names and trademarks recited, referenced, or reflected herein are the property of their respective owners who retain all rights thereto.
Printed in the United States of America
A catalog record of this book is available from the Library of Congress.
This book is printed on acid-free paper.
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Acknowledgments[Page vii]Melissa Stormont's Acknowledgments
I would like to thank two of my daughter's dedicated teachers. Taylor has characteristics that would place her at risk if she were not given support from home and school. Mrs. Lewis and Ms. Mathes are wonderful teachers who saw her strengths above her struggles and supported her in feeling good about herself. They also both contributed valuable information to the book. I also acknowledge my husband for being so supportive of this work.Cathy Newman Thomas's Acknowledgments
I would like to thank Melissa Stormont for including me in the development of this book and for her very generous and skillful mentoring of my professional writing. And I want to thank my many teacher-friends across the years who have inspired my own teaching and research. From your dedication and passion, I have seen children at risk accomplish wonderful things that others doubted were possible, and together we continue to work to discover solutions to the challenges we experience in our teaching. With my deepest respect and admiration, I appreciate all that you do to improve the lives of children at risk.[Page viii]Publisher's Acknowledgments
Corwin gratefully acknowledges the contributions of the following reviewers:
- Natalie S. McAvoy
- Reading Specialist
- Elkhorn Area School District
- Elkhorn, WI
- Susan Schipper
- Elementary Teacher
- Palmyra Public Schools
- Palmyra, NJ
- Barbara L. Townsend
- Reading Specialist, West Side Elementary School
- Adjunct Instructor, Concordia University
- Elkhorn, WI
About the Authors
Description and Access Information for Educational Technology Resources Cited
Resource Reference Description URL ArtikPix Chapter 4 Page 40 This app includes flashcard and matching activities for children with speech and language delays to improve articulation. Data collection capabilities are built in. http://ericsailers.com/artikpix.html Behavior Tracker Pro Chapter 3 Page 35 This app helps teachers and others to track and graph behavior as part of assessment and intervention. http://www.behaviortrackerpro.com Center for Applied Special Technology (CAST) Chapter 6 Page 64 Chapter 7 Page 79 CAST is a research and development organization that conceptualized Universal Design for Learning (UDL). This website provides background, information, and resources to support educators in understanding and implementing UDL. http://www.cast.org Center for Effective Collaboration and Practice (CECP) Chapter 5 Page 58 CECP is an organization whose mission is to provide resources to support quality education for children with and at risk for emotional and behavioral disorders. A wealth of resources for prevention, assessment, and intervention are offered, including the Forced-Choice Reinforcement Inventory referenced in this book. http://cecp.air.org/fba/problembehavior3/appendixc.htm [Page 100]Developmental Reading Assessement—2nd Edition PLUS Chapter 3 Page 23 DRA2+ is a criterion-referenced formative assessment tool that includes automatic scoring features and views of ongoing student progress to help teachers evaluate reading performance and improve instruction. http://www.pearsonschool.com/index.cfm?locator=PSZw5u&PMDbSiteId=2781&PMDbSolutionId=6724&PMDbSubSolutionId=&PMDbCategoryId=3289&PMDbSubCategoryId=28139&PMDbSubjectAreaId=&PMDbProgramId=23661 edHelper Chapter 6 Page 66 edHelper is a teacher developed website designed to provide access to educational resources, including the graphic organizers offered in this text. http://www.edhelper.com Education Place Chapter 6 Page 66 Education Place, sponsored by educational publishing company Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, offers web-based textbook supports for grades pre-K to 6, such as graphic organizers suggested in this book. http://www.eduplace.com Edudemic Chapter 3 Page 30 Edudemic is an education technology news site with a goal of connecting educators to technology. http://www.edudemic.com Edutopia Chapter 7 Page 84 Edutopia, the website of the George Lucas Educational Foundation, has a mission to promote and improve access to evidence-based educational resources. Resources are offered by grade level and for a variety of topics and include professional development. While the George Lucas Educational Foundation does not offer grants, the website does provide a resource list to help teachers and others identify avenues of support. http://www.edutopia.org/grant-information-resources-to-get-you-started [Page 101]flashcard apps Chapter 4 Page 39 This website was created by the app developer of Vocabulary Ninja (http://www.vocabninja.com) to document the features of all similar apps. Realizing it might be helpful to others, she has hosted this resource. http://www.flashcardapps.info/filter/srs-plus/ Free Rice Chapter 4 Page 40 Free Rice is an online vocabulary game that asks players to identify the best synonym for each word presented. It was developed by the United Nations World Food Program and has a social justice mission with 10 grains of rice donated toward hunger relief for each correct answer. http://freerice.com/#/english-vocabulary/1517 Holt Interactive Graphic Organizers Chapter 6 Page 66 This resource is provided by Holt McDougal, an affiliate of educational publisher Houghton Mifflin and Harcourt. This web link offers access to a wide variety of interactive graphic organizers http://my.hrw.com/nsmedia/intgos/html/igo.htm Intervention Central Chapter 3 Page 27 Chapter 5 Page 58 This website was created by a school psychologist and educational consultant to provide intervention and assessment resources for Grades K–12. http://www.interventioncentral.org Jackpot! Reinforcement Survey Generator Chapter 5 Page 58 This web-based survey generator is offered at Intervention Central. http://www.jimwrightonline.com/php/jackpot/jackpot.php [Page 102]Kid Coach: The KidTools Support System Chapter 3 Page 35 Chapter 6 Page 74 This website offers research-based tools, templates, and strategies to support students in self-management for learning, behavior, and problem solving to improve school success. http://kidtools.org National Center on Accessible Instructional Materials Chapter 7 Page 77 This website provides information and resources for Accessible Instructional Materials, specialized formats of curriculum to provide access to education for students with print disabilities. http://aim.cast.org National Center on Universal Design for Learning Chapter 7 Page 80 The National Center on UDL supports the effective implementation of UDL by providing information and resources for UDL advocacy, research, development, and implementation. http://www.udlcenter.org National Library of Virtual Manipulatives Chapter 4 Page 39 The National Library of Virtual Manipulatives, supported by the National Science Foundation, offers a library of interactive virtual manipulatives and concept tutorials to support K–12 mathematics learning. http://nlvm.usu.edu/en/nav/vlibrary.html Percentally Chapter 3 Page 35 Percentally is a data collection app that uses tallies and total to calculate percentage correct. This tool is useful for progress monitoring rate and accuracy of a given behavior. http://ericsailers.com/percentally.html Preference and Reinforcer Assessment Chapter 5 Page 58 This app, designed by a Board Certified Behavior Analyst, helps teachers identify effective and appropriate reinforcers based on student choice. https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/preference-reinforcer-assessment/id436692530?mt=8 [Page 103]Reading Rockets Chapter 3 Page 28 and 30 A service of WETA, Washington's major public broadcasting channel and is largely funded by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, Reading Rockets offers research-based strategies to help teachers and families support reading development. http://www.readingrockets.org readwritethink Chapter 3 Page 30 This website, supported by the International Reading Association, the National Council of English Teachers, and Verizon's Thinkfinity, provides educators and families with access to high-quality instructional materials for language arts. http://www.readwritethink.org STAR Reading Chapter 3 Page 23 STAR Reading, from Renaissance Learning, a technology-based educational company, is an online resource that uses skills-based assessments to help teachers screen, benchmark, plan for instruction, and monitor reading progress. http://www.renlearn.com/sr/ Starfall Chapter 4 Page 39 Starfall is the creation of a former struggling reader. This website offers interactive activities for young readers who need practice in phonemic awareness, decoding, and fluency. http://www.starfall.com Technical Assistance Center on Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports Chapter 5 Page 52 This website, sponsored by the Office of Special Education Programs, provides information, resources, and technical support to promote wide-scale implementation of the positive behavior interventions and supports (PBIS) model. http://www.pbis.org [Page 104]Technology Integration for Teachers Chapter 4 Page 39 This website is hosted by an instructional technology coordinator from Chicago who has gathered a quantity of web-based resources for K–8 teachers. It is organized by content area and includes tips, resources, and apps lists for specific devices. http://www.techforteachers.net/apps-math-practice.html Time Timer Chapter 3 Page 25 This app was designed by a mother who wanted to make the concept of elapsing time visual yet simple. Time timer comes in clock-, watch-, and device-based formats and can be set in second and minutes; some products come with languages in addition to English. http://www.timetimer.com Wordle Chapter 2 Page 14 Chapter 7 Page 82 Wordle is a free online tool that creates word clouds from text that is entered by a user. It is partially owned by IBM, and its developer has described it as a toy. However, many educators have identified educational uses for Wordle to meet instructional objectives. http://www.wordle.net Wordsift Chapter 7 Page 82 Wordsift is a free online tool to help teachers support the development of content vocabulary in academic disciplines. This tool was developed through a partnership between teachers and university researchers. Learning theory regarding vocabulary development and English language acquisition, and research on previewing of vocabulary for content area comprehension were used to guide development. http://www.wordsift.com
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