With school budgets seeming to be inexorably contracting, and with welfare reform looming, the future of school health programs is both important and uncertain. Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld begins by clearly defining the key issues in the debate and outlining the history of school health programs. She then turns to more contemporary examples of school health care delivery, with a special emphasis on the Arizona model—crucial due to its being the first state to go to a managed care Medicaid program. Finally, she theorizes on the likely future of school health care in the light of proposed changes to Medicaid and other welfare initiatives. Schools and the Health of Children will be of great interest to scholars and professionals in the area of public health, educational administration, as well as social work and public policy.