- Subject index
“Despite, or perhaps because of, its brevity (98 pages plus references) this is a very useful compendium of programmes proven to be effective. I commend it to all those who wish to move away from the individual case referral.” --Ewen Rennie in BPS Division of Educational & Clinical
Chapter 4: Prevention of Academic Problems
Prevention of Academic Problems
Given that the primary mission of schools is academic instruction, it is important to discuss the prevention of learning problems.
Extent of the Problem
Lack of success in school takes many forms and affects many students. For example, up to 18% of U.S. high school seniors read at least 4 years below grade level (Dryfoos, 1990). Approximately 13% of 17-year-olds may be functionally illiterate; one half of 13-year-olds do not have a good grasp of elemental scientific concepts; among high school seniors, nearly 40% lack the ability to draw logical inferences from written material, 20% cannot write a persuasive essay, and 33% cannot correctly solve multistep mathematical problems (Murphy, 1990). Up to one fifth of all students are retained in ...