- Subject index
“Despite, or perhaps because of, its brevity (98 pages plus references) this is a very useful compendium of programmes proven to be effective. I commend it to all those who wish to move away from the individual case referral.” --Ewen Rennie in BPS Division of Educational & Clinical
Chapter 3: Substance Use
Scope of the Problem
Problems related to drugs are a major problem in the United States. The total cost of alcohol and drug abuse is estimated to exceed $110 billion each year (National Commission on Children, 1991). Many school-aged children and adolescents experiment with drugs, and the eventual use and misuse of drugs can cause serious health, personal, and social problems. Surveys suggest that 1 in 20 high school seniors drink alcohol daily, and up to 1 in 3 report at least one episode of binge drinking in a 2-week period; approximately 1 in 12 students smoke at least a half a pack of cigarettes daily (Johnston, O'Malley, & Bachman, 1986). Youth who become psychologically or physically dependent on drugs or who misuse ...