'Bob Barton’s balanced and well though out book will help anyone involved with the planning and management of outdoor activities for young people. Bob explores the issues that need to be considered when developing and implementing outdoor policies and procedures, in an interesting and though provoking style, drawing on his wealth of outdoor experience’ - Peter Westgarth, Chief Executive, The Duke of Edinburgh’s Award 'This book fills a gap which sorely needed filling. The safety versus adventure debate is discussed in a thoroughly refreshing way and should inspire a new generation of teachers and youth workers to take their charges into the great outdoors. The book should be required reading for every Health and Safety Officer throughout the land to improve their understanding of what Adventure Educators are trying to achieve' - Doug Jones, County Officer, Outdoor Education and Adventure Activities, Bedfordshire County Council 'A distillation of years of experience in adventure activities and an essential guide to getting the proper balance between adventure and safety' - Nick Barrett, Chief Executive of the Outward Bound Trust Providers of outdoor education must strike the right balance between adventure and security. Effective risk management enables providers to deliver lasting educational value without breaching their moral and legal duties of care. This practical guide shows how genuinely adventurous outdoor activities can be provided to acceptable standards of safety. Drawing on the author's own experience as an expert mountaineer, instructor and consultant, the systems and processes of successful outdoor adventure are clearly explained using real life examples and case studies. Bob Barton is Safety Adviser to the Outward Bound Trust and works as a consultant on the management of adventure activities.
Chapter 15: International Aspects
The need for rites of passage – testing experiences of self-realisation for youngsters on the verge of adulthood – may be as old as humankind and certain teachers have always used the powerful combination of the inspiration of nature and the illumination of experiential learning. It is therefore not surprising that adventure education is a worldwide phenomenon, although it is certainly arguable that, in less economically developed countries, life itself contains enough uncertainty and challenge to render unnecessary the more esoteric forms of outdoor education.
The Range of Provision
There are considerable variations of scale and type of provision. The United States, Canada, the UK, New Zealand and Australia all have a wealth of programmes, perhaps because much of the literature and early development ...