Rural Development: Principles, Policies and Management comprehensively addresses the basic concepts, elements, paradigms, determinants, policy instruments, strategies, programs, and management of rural development. The book emphasizes, in particular, the pivotal role of human resources as both a means and an end of development. New pedagogical featuers have been added in the Third Edition, including 'Learning Outcomes' at the start of each chapter, and 'Main Points' summaries and 'Questions for Discussion' at the end of chapters.

Equity-Oriented and Growth-Oriented Programmes

Equity-oriented and growth-oriented programmes

Learning Outcomes

After having gone through this chapter, students should be able to

  • describe the contexts of various equity- and growth-oriented rural development programmes and their main objectives;
  • describe the salient features of various equity-oriented rural development programmes, such as the Community Development Programme (CDP), Training of Rural Youth for Self-Employment (TRYSEM) scheme and Small Farmers, Marginal Farmers and Agricultural Labourers Project, and major lessons of experience with them and
  • illustrate the salient features of various growth-oriented programmes such as the Intensive Agriculture District Programme (IADP), Intensive Cattle Development Project (ICDP), High Yielding Variety Programme (HYVP) and Operation Flood (OF) programme, and lessons of experience with them.


India has a very long history of experimenting with various approaches to rural development. Even in ...

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