This invaluable source book offers guidance, support and advice for those contemplating or involved in academic careers. The contributions provide rich, personal, sometimes poignant and often humorous accounts of shared and unique experiences of those in the world of academia.

Using Programmatic Research to Build a Grounded Theory

Using programmatic research to build a grounded theory
Edwin A.Locke

We are constantly told in the social sciences that we should build theories, that there is nothing as practical as a good theory, and that data without theory have little or no utility. I would agree with this for the simple reason that no one could retain or integrate thousands of disconnected facts divorced from some wider set of principles or theoretical framework. The unanswered question for most aspiring theorists, however, is, How do you build a theory?

A common procedure is to invent a theory a priori based on one or more of the following: a small, preliminary data set from which grandiose deductions are made, guesswork, hunches, arbitrary ...

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