This cutting-edge volume advances theories, methodologies and policy analyses relating to various forms of violence against women. Topics covered include: the nature, importance and variety of cultural contexts in which violence occurs, is reproduced and may be challenged or changed; the nature and variety of sexualized violence; and a range of theoretical perspectives on perpetrators of violence. Taking an interdisciplinary focus on issues that affect community and state responses, the book includes individual accounts, and incorporates themes related to authority, sexual proprietariness, asymmetry of violence, socialization, patterns and deviations of victims and offenders, and social and cultural contexts.
Chapter 3: Sexual Violence against Women and Girls: An Approach to an International Overview
Sexual Violence against Women and Girls: An Approach to an International Overview
Most contemporary feminist movements internationally have focused on rape for three reasons. First, sexual assault is one of the ugliest and most brutal expressions of masculine violence toward women. Second, rape and the historical “discourse” around it reveal a great deal about the social relations of reproduction. Third, rape reveals a great deal about the way in which the woman's body is seen as representing the community (Kumar, 1993, p. 128).
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, rape was one of the earliest organizing focuses for women's liberation movements in the United States, the United Kingdom, India, and many other ...