This text explores the challenges that convicted offenders face over the course of the rehabilitation, reentry, and reintegration process. Using an integrated, theoretical approach, each chapter is devoted to a corrections topic and incorporates original evidence-based concepts, research, and policy from experts in the field, and examines how correctional practices are being managed. Students are exposed to examples of both the successful attempts and the failures to reintegrate prisoners into the community, and they will be encouraged to consider how they can help influence future policy decisions as practitioners in the field.

Prison-Based Substance Abuse Programs

Prison-based substance abuse programs
Wayne N.Welsh

As of December 31, 2007, a total of 2,293,157 inmates were in custody in state and federal prisons and in local jails (West & Sabol, 2009). Two thirds of inmates were held in state or federal prisons; the remaining third were held in local jails. In 2007, the incarceration rate rose to 756 inmates per 100,000 U.S. residents. Available estimates suggest that the number of offenders who committed drug-related offenses, were using drugs, or were drug dependent at the time of their arrest is very high.

The Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA; 1998) reports that 60–80% of all prison inmates (federal, state, and county) have been involved with drug use or drug-related crimes in some fashion. ...

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