This text explores the challenges that convicted offenders face over the course of the rehabilitation, reentry, and reintegration process. Using an integrated, theoretical approach, each chapter is devoted to a corrections topic and incorporates original evidence-based concepts, research, and policy from experts in the field, and examines how correctional practices are being managed. Students are exposed to examples of both the successful attempts and the failures to reintegrate prisoners into the community, and they will be encouraged to consider how they can help influence future policy decisions as practitioners in the field.
Diversion programs are used to divert people accused or convicted of crimes away from incarceration and into alternative punishments. These programs provide sentencing options for prosecutors and judges and a mechanism for reducing jail and prison populations for corrections officials. For the most part current diversion programs have a rehabilitative focus, targeting problems that may underlie crime, such as drug addiction, unemployment, and mental illness. These programs seek to keep people out of jail and prison. They are based on the belief that incarceration alone is likely to increase the chance of reoffending and other dysfunction—the same assumption that motivates many reentry programs. Long before reformers focused on the community impact of prisoner reentry, diversion programs were engaged with rehabilitating offenders in ...