This latest edition of Resources for Nursing Research provides a comprehensive bibliography of sources on nursing research and includes references for books, journal papers and Internet resources. This Fourth Edition covers the disciplines of nursing, health care, and the social sciences.
Experimental Designs – General
Experimental research involves the active manipulation of variables under the control of the researcher. This approach attempts to study how subjects will react to the manipulated conditions through monitoring one or more outcome measure(s). If an experiment is well designed, the experimenter may, in principle, detect causal relationships between variables. However, there are many threats to the satisfactory detection of such relationships.
Definitions [See Appendix D for Sources]
CONSORT – … an acronym for Consolidated Standard of Reporting Trials
Control group – the subjects who are not exposed to the experimental treatment
Controlled clinical trial – … a study that compares one or more intervention groups to one or more comparison (control) groups. [While not all controlled studies are randomised, all randomised trials ...