Packed full of essential tools and tips, this second edition is your quick-start guide to undertaking research within real world of sport. Using clear, accessible language, Smith maps an easy-to-follow journey through the research process, drawing upon the most up-to-date evidence and resources to help you select the most appropriate research approach for your project. Throughout the book you will discover:  • Key points that highlight important definitions and theories;  • Reflection points to help you make connections between key concepts and your research;  • Learning activities to put your newfound knowledge into practice;  • Further reading to explore the wider context of sport research in the real world. Featuring over thirty-five case studies of students’ and academics’ research in practice, this book is the perfect guide-by-your-side to have during your own sport research.

Observational research strategy

Observational research strategy

 Learning objectives

By identifying research situations in which an observational research strategy would be applied, this chapter is designed to help you:

  • review the characteristics of an observational method;
  • appreciate which observational strategies suit which kinds of research questions;
  • be able to select an appropriate observational strategy based on your specific research question;
  • identify the varying roles the researcher may play in observational research and their implications for research outcomes;
  • understand how observational study reports may be organised to help communicate research findings in a clear and coherent way.


We collect all our data by observing the facts that we can see. Strictly speaking then, all research can be classified as observational in nature. What separates this approach from others covered within this book are ...

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