Research Methods in Educational Leadership & Management
Publication Year: 2012
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
Part A: The Concept of Research
- Chapter 2: Understanding Methodology
- Chapter 3: Taking a Critical Stance in Research
- Chapter 4: The Role of Culture in Interpreting and Conducting Research
- Chapter 5: Reviewing Educational Literature
- Chapter 6: Authenticity in Research: Reliability, Validity and Triangulation
- Chapter 7: The Ethical Framework of Research Practice
Part B: Approaches to Research
- Chapter 8: Research Design: Frameworks, Strategies, Methods and Technologies
- Chapter 9: Mixed Methods Research
- Chapter 10: Surveys and Sampling
- Chapter 11: Case Studies
- Chapter 12: Practitioner Research
- Chapter 13: Grounded Theory Research
- Chapter 14: Ethnography
- Chapter 15: Narrative and Life History
- Chapter 16: Learner Voice in Educational Leadership Research
Part C: Research Tools
- Chapter 17: Interviews
- Chapter 18: Developing and Using Questionnaires
- Chapter 19: Making Use of Existing Data
- Chapter 20: Documents and Documentary Analysis
- Chapter 21: Discourse Analysis
- Chapter 22: Reflection as Research: Using Diaries and Blogs
Part D: Analysing and Presenting Data
Education at SAGE[Page ii]
SAGE is a leading international publisher of journals, books, and electronic media for academic, educational, and professional markets.
Our education publishing includes:
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Find out more at: http://www.sagepub.co.uk/education
Editorial Material © Ann R.J. Briggs, Marianne Coleman and Marlene Morrison 2012
Foreword © Robert Burgess 2012
Chapter 1 © Ann R.J. Briggs, Marianne Coleman and Marlene Morrison 2012
Chapter 2 © Marlene Morrison 2012
Chapter 3 © Margaret Grogan and Juanita M. Cleaver Simmons 2012
Chapter 4 © David Stephens 2012
Chapter 5 © Jacqui Weetman DaCosta 2012
Chapter 6 © Tony Bush 2012
Chapter 7 © Hugh Busher and Nalita James 2012
Chapter 8 © David Scott 2012
Chapter 9 © Mary F. Hibberts and R. Burke Johnson 2012
Chapter 10 © Daniel Muijs 2012
Chapter 11 © Michael Bassey 2012
Chapter 12 © Rachel Lofthouse, Elaine Hall and Kate Wall 2012
Chapter 13 © Clive Dimmock and Martha Lam 2012
Chapter 14 © Marlene Morrison 2012
Chapter 15 © Alan Floyd 2012
Chapter 16 © Jacky Lumby 2012
Chapter 17 © Marianne Coleman 2012
Chapter 18 © Judith Bell and Pam Woolner 2012
Chapter 19 © Anna Vignoles and Shirley Dex 2012
Chapter 20 © Tanya Fitzgerald 2012
Chapter 21 © Jane Perryman 2012
Chapter 22 © Marlene Morrison 2012
Chapter 23 © Pauline Dixon and Pam Woolner 2012
Chapter 24 © Daniel Muijs 2012
Chapter 25 © Rob Watling, Veronica James and Ann R.J. Briggs 2012
Chapter 26 © Ann R.J. Briggs 2012
First published 2012
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Notes on Contributors[Page viii]
Professor Michael Bassey is now retired, but still active. His formal academic career ended as Professor of Education at Nottingham Trent University. Elected Academician of the Academy of Social Sciences in 2001, he has published extensively in the fields of education, research, environment and sustainability. He lives in Nottinghamshire.
Dr Judith Bell is now retired but has worked as a college lecturer, head of department and vice-principal, as a lecturer in several universities, as a course team writer in the Open University and as one of Her Majesty's Inspectors specialising in further and higher education.
Dr Ann R.J. Briggs is Emeritus Professor of Educational Leadership at Newcastle University, UK. She has published on research methods, middle leadership, 14–19 education and management structures in post-compulsory institutions. Ann is a past Chair of British Educational Leadership, Management and Administration Society (BELMAS) and is currently National Secretary of New Zealand Educational Administration and Leadership Society (NZEALS), having retired to New Zealand in 2009.
Professor Sir Robert Burgess is Vice-Chancellor of the University of Leicester. He has engaged in a wide range of research, writing and teaching on research methods in the Social Sciences. He was Director of the Centre for Educational Development, Appraisal and Research (CEDAR) at the University of Warwick from 1987 to 1999.
Professor Tony Bush is Chair of Educational Leadership at the University of Warwick, UK, and Visiting Professor of Education at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. He has published more than 30 books and 70 articles in refereed journals. He is the editor of the leading international journal, Educational Management, Administration and Leadership.
Dr Hugh Busher is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Education, University of Leicester, with extensive experience of teaching and examining at Masters and Doctoral level. He is currently researching students’ and teachers’ [Page ix]perspectives on education, and teaches courses on research methods and on leadership, inclusive schooling and learning communities.
Dr Marianne Coleman is an Emeritus Reader in Educational Leadership and Management at the Institute of Education, University of London. She has taught extensively at Master's and doctoral level and is now retired, but maintains her research interest in how gender and other aspects of diversity relate to leadership. Her latest book is Women at the Top: Challenges, Choices and Change (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011).
Professor Shirley Dex is Emeritus Professor of Longitudinal Social Research in Education, University of London. She previously held posts at the Universities of Cambridge, Essex and Keele. Much of her research has involved the secondary analysis of large-scale longitudinal data on topics such as life course trajectories, family policy and cross-national research and she has taught courses in quantitative methods in social science.
Professor Clive Dimmock is Visiting Professor at the National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, where he is leading a major research project on leadership across the Singapore school system. He is also Emeritus Professor and former Director of the Centre for Educational Leadership and Management, at the University of Leicester.
Dr Pauline Dixon is a senior lecturer in International Development and Education at Newcastle University. Her research in developing countries investigates education for the poorest living in slums. She presents worldwide and has more than 30 publications in academic journals including School Effectiveness and School Improvement, and Educational Management, Administration and Leadership.
Professor Tanya Fitzgerald is currently Professor of Educational Leadership, Management and History at La Trobe University, Melbourne. She has researched widely in the area of the history of women's higher education, gender and leadership, and teachers’ work and lives. Tanya is editor of History of Education Review and co-editor of the Journal of Educational Administration & History.
Dr Alan Floyd is Senior Lecturer in Educational Leadership and Management at the University of Reading. His research interests include the role of the academic HoD, how people perceive and experience being in a leadership role, and professional identity formation and change throughout the life course.
Professor Margaret Grogan is currently Professor of Educational Leadership and Policy, and Dean of the School of Educational Studies at Claremont Graduate University, California. She has published many articles and chapters [Page x]on educational leadership and has authored, co-authored or edited five books. Her latest one, co-authored with Charol Shakeshaft, is entitled Women in Educational Leadership (Jossey-Bass, 2011).
Dr Elaine Hall is a Senior Research Associate in the Centre for Learning and Teaching at Newcastle University. Elaine's major research interests are the development of teachers’ enquiry skills; the impact that an enquiry has on pedagogy and learners’ experience and the role of the university in supporting a process of enquiry in schools, colleges and universities.
Mary F. Hibberts is a PhD student in Instructional Design and Development at the University of South Alabama. She works in the Center for Evaluation, Measurement and Statistics and assists in quantitative methods courses in the college of education. She plans on becoming a professor in Instructional Design with an emphasis on research, statistics and program evaluation.
Dr Nalita James is lecturer in Employment Studies at the Centre for Labour Market Studies, University of Leicester. Her substantive research interests lie in the broad field of young adults’ and teachers’ work, identity and learning in informal and formal educational settings, as well as the methodological capacities of the Internet.
Professor Veronica James is a medical sociologist with a particular interest in qualitative research and the study of emotional labour. She is currently Executive Dean and Pro Vice Chancellor at the School of Health and Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University.
Professor R. Burke Johnson, a research methodologist, has co-authored three books on methodology: Educational Research: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Approaches (Sage, 2007); Research Methods, Design, and Analysis (Pearson, 2010); and Dictionary of Statistics and Methodology (Sage, 2011). He was an editor of The Sage Glossary of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (2009), and guest-edited two special journal issues on mixed methods research (for Research in the Schools, and American Behavioral Scientist).
Dr Martha Lam is Associate Director of the Language Centre at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. She is the recipient of the 2008 Ray Bolam Doctoral Thesis Award from BELMAS for her thesis, Senior Women Academics in Hong Kong: A Life History Approach.
Rachel Lofthouse is Head of Teacher Learning and Development in the School of Education, Communication and Language Sciences, and Partnership Development Director for the Centre for Learning and Teaching at Newcastle University. Her research has centred on the development of reflective practice for teachers both in training and in their ongoing professional lives. She has [Page xi]written most recently on the role of coaching practice to support professional learning.
Professor Jacky Lumby is Professor of Education at Southampton Education School, University of Southampton. She has taught in a range of educational settings, including secondary schools, community and further education. She has researched in the UK, South Africa, China and Hong Kong and published extensively on leadership.
Professor Marlene Morrison is Emeritus Professor of Education at Oxford Brookes University. A sociologist of education, her interests are in critical interpretations of education leadership and management, policy and practice, for diversity, social justice and inclusion. She has conducted funded research in all sectors of education, including adult and postgraduate education, and at the 14–19 interface. Her publications reflect her substantive and methodological interests. Recent works include Leadership and Learning: Matters of Social Justice (IA Publishing, 2009) and with David Scott, Key Ideas in Educational Research (Continuum, 2006).
Professor Daniel Muijs holds the Chair of Education at the University of Southampton. He is an acknowledged expert in the field of Educational Effectiveness and School Leadership and is co-editor of the journal School Effectiveness and School Improvement. He has published widely in the areas of educational effectiveness, leadership and research methods.
Dr Jane Perryman is currently the course leader for the PGCE Social Science at the Institute of Education, University of London. She also contributes to the EdD and the MA in School Effectiveness. Her research interests are accountability and performativity in secondary education, school leadership and management, and how schools respond to policy.
Professor David Scott is Professor of Curriculum, Pedagogy and Assessment at the Institute of Education, University of London. His most recent books are Education, Epistemology and Critical Realism (Routledge, 2010) and Critical Essays on Major Curriculum Theorists (Routledge, 2008).
Dr Juanita M. Cleaver Simmons is an associate professor at the University of Missouri-Columbia. She works with the leadership development and preparation of Pre-Kindergarten to 12th grade educators.
Professor David Stephens is currently Professor of International Education at the University of Brighton. For the past 40 years, he has worked in universities in the UK, Norway, East and West Africa. He is particularly interested in the role of culture in the research process and is currently writing a book on narrative in the research process.
[Page xii]Professor Anna Vignoles is a Professor in the Economics of Education at the Institute of Education, University of London. Her research interests include quantitative methods, equity in education, school choice, school efficiency and finance and the economic value of schooling. Anna has advised numerous government departments and is the economist member of the NHS Pay Review Body.
Dr Kate Wall is Senior Lecturer in Education at Durham University. She is committed to research partnerships between teaching and research communities to generate better understandings of ‘what works’. She has written extensively around the process of collaborative research, focusing on how visual methods can support effective learning conversations between researchers, teachers and students.
Dr Rob Watling has worked at the Universities of Nottingham, Nottingham Trent and Leicester where he conducted qualitative research for a wide range of government departments, NGOs, Local Authorities and Trades Unions. He now runs Momentum Associates, providing executive coaching, organisational consultancy and project evaluations across the public sector.
Jacqui Weetman DaCosta has worked in academic libraries in the UK and USA for over 25 years, where she has taught hundreds of students the skills associated with literature searching. She holds an MBA in Educational Management (with distinction) from the University of Leicester.
Dr Pam Woolner is a Lecturer in Education in the Research Centre for Learning and Teaching at Newcastle University. Formerly a secondary school mathematics teacher, she now teaches research methods and supervises postgraduate students. Her research interests centre on investigations of the learning environment and have included evaluations of learning innovations.
The previous editions of Research Methods in Educational Leadership and Management have proved to be a worldwide success. The book addresses the specific needs of researchers in educational leadership and management, particularly of new researchers, and has been adopted as a core text in many UK universities as well as in Canada, Australia and Hong Kong. One strength of the book is that it identifies a specialist niche in the field of research methods, namely a book that is required by researchers – including practitioner researchers – who are working in the field of educational leadership and management throughout the world. A second strength is that it contains specially commissioned pieces that are appropriate for the field of educational leadership and management, and addresses issues of concern to the experienced researcher, the new researcher and those engaged in practitioner research.
The third edition draws on the strengths of the previous volumes. Responding to reader evaluations, Ann Briggs, Marianne Coleman and Marlene Morrison have sought updated chapters from many of their authors, and new chapters from others, in response to the needs of the field. New chapters introduced in the third edition include: research design, grounded research, ethnography and mixed methods as well as other major topics in chapters that have been updated. The contributions provided by various authors demonstrate a rich range of methodologies that social scientists use when studying educational settings. As with any volume on research methodology, the authors indicate the ‘different voices’ in which research methodology can be discussed.
The range of chapters provided within this third edition is indeed impressive. The philosophical issues that underpin our rationale for conducting research, and our approaches to it, are addressed; there are technical appraisals of validity, reliability and triangulation as well as discussions of a wide range of research approaches, such as case studies and practitioner research, as well as thought-provoking chapters about research tools and research ethics. A particular feature of this book is the way in which it focuses on data analysis, writing and dissemination as well as some of the standard topics associated with research techniques and data collection.
This volume, like its predecessors, is an important contribution to the literature, which enables students to engage with the wide range of issues which affect and underpin their research, before consulting specialist texts on [Page xiv]particular aspects of research methods. It is this facility that this collection provides. Overall, it is a volume that will be of great value to those engaged in teaching and learning about the research process and research methods. I am sure that the third edition of this collection will become essential reading for students engaged in the study of educational leadership and management.