Research Methods for Graduate Business and Social Science Students is a fundamental and easy guide to studying research methods. In addition to the general concepts relating to research methods, broad research issues and theoretical concepts critical to research are discussed. The book is written in a reader-friendly manner and contains plenty of examples and helpful practical exercises at the end of each chapter to reinforce and enjoy learning.

The Research Cycle

The research cycle


In this chapter we walk through a process of organising, planning, conducting, analysing and reporting on research called the scientific method. This is a suitable approach for research at any level of study (Masters or PhD), as it is very goal-oriented and focused. It helps you get your research completed in a timely manner. However, it has been criticised for being reductionist and preventing the researcher from understanding the whole nature of the research problem. This process is described here as a ‘research cycle’, a term which was advanced by Karl R. Popper in 1979.

The Research Cycle

The research cycle is the application of the scientific method as displayed in Figure 3.1. This is drawn from Popper's (1979) original exposition of ...

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