`With the increasing emphasis on conducting research that makes a difference to governmental and other policy organisations, it seems likely that the kinds of methodologies introduced by Timulak will be of growing interest to researchers. In this respect, the book will be at the cutting edge of developments in counselling and psychotherapy research' - Professor Mick Cooper, University of Strathclyde Doing Research in Counselling & Psychotherapy is a guide to methods used in studying the outcomes and processes of therapy. Introducing a range of methodologies which are used internationally, the author describes different research designs and illustrates them through examples of actual studies. Presenting the findings from key studies, he clearly demonstrates the usefulness of the research in therapeutic practice.Doing Research in Counselling & Psychotherapy is ideal for researchers and for students on courses in counselling, psychotherapy, clinical and counselling psychology and psychiatry. Ladislav Timulak is course director of the MSc in Counselling Psychology at Trinity College, Dublin. He previously worked at the University of Trnava, Slovakia, and has extensive practical experience in the field of counselling and psychotherapy, as well as experience in conducting psychotherapy research and training.
Chapter 3: Alternatives to Randomized Control Trials
Alternatives to Randomized Control Trials
Randomized control trials (RCTs) are considered the most highly valued types of research design by many reviewers of evidence in psychotherapy (e.g. Chambless & Hollon, 1998). This is because their experimental nature allows quite strong causal inferences about the efficacy of psychological therapies and counselling. However, psychotherapy outcome is assessed in other ways as well. We will now focus on other designs used in outcome research.
Experimental Case Studies and Quantitative Descriptive Studies
Experimental case studies are, like RCTs, focused on capturing the causal links in therapy. They have a long tradition, especially in behavioural therapy (Chambless & Hollon, 1998). They are most valuable when developing a new treatment or when an existing treatment is being delivered to ...