The rise of communalism in recent years as the major claimant to power in Indian politics has posed a serious challenge to the survival of democracy and is even threatening the fabric of the Constitution. Coupled with the fact that political discourse in the international arena has been increasingly using the language of religion, this phenomenon has posed a serious challenge to human rights movements worldwide. The seventeen original essays in this volume traverse a large canvas and critically interrogate Hindutva from multiple vantage points in the light of recent national and international political events.

RSS and the Raj

RSS and the Raj

What role the RSS played in the freedom movement since its inception in 1925 was not debated much till the election of an old and seasoned ‘Swayamsevak’ of RSS, Atal Behari Vajpayee, as Prime Minister of India in 1999. In fact, the RSS itself never claimed to have played any anti-colonial role as a thorough perusal of its literature/documents would make out.1 This could not have been otherwise as the RSS was ideologically averse to the whole concept of a fight against the British rule in India. This was made clear by none other than M.S. Golwalkar (Guruji) to whom the founder of the RSS, K.B. Hedgewar (Doctorji), bequeathed the leadership (1940), and is till date regarded as ...

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