In his exploration of the interaction between religion and worldwide social and cultural change, the author examines the major theories of global change and discusses the ways in which such change impinges on contemporary religious practice, meaning and influence. Beyer explores some of the key issues in understanding the shape of religion today, including religion as culture and as social system, pure and applied religion, privatized and publicly influential religion, and liberal versus conservative religions. He goes on to apply these issues to five contemporary illustrative cases: the American Christian Right; Liberation Theology movements in Latin America; the Islamic Revolution in Iran; Zionists in Israel; and religiou

New Religious Zionism in Israel

New religious zionism in Israel

A not uncommon observation in the recent literature on Israel is that there is a serious danger that, in twenty to fifty years, this state will be either Jewish or democratic, but not both (see, for example, Jansen, 1987; Kimmerling, 1989; Lustick, 1988; Peleg and Seliktar, 1989; Thorsell, 1989). While the actual future is hard to predict on the basis of present trends, the current and recent tension between exclusive particularism and inclusive universalism in Israel provides a good illustration of some of the choices religious actors, elites, professionals, and organizations face in the context of a global society.

Given that this chapter represents the third case study of religious movements that take the conservative option, I ...

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