`It has particular appeal for health-care professionals and managers with an interest in corporate and clinical governance' - British Journal of Perioperative Nursing In recent years the health professions have been subject to unprecedented regulatory changes. Exposure of poor practice provoked widespread criticism of self-regulation and calls for a system in which the interests of health care consumers and employers are more fully recognized. Examining the historical and contemporary context, Regulating the Health Professions provides an in-depth analysis of professional self-regulation and the implications of regulatory change for the future of health care. Part One sets out general regulatory issues in the healthcare arena with chapters covering the impact of globalization on the professions, the purpose of professional regulation, the legal context of regulation and the significance of professional codes of ethics. In Part Two, issues specific to the different professions are explored through chapters on medicine, nursing, dentistry, the professions allied to medicine, clinical psychology and alternative medicine. This extremely topical book will be of interest to students, educators and researchers in a wide range of disciplines including sociology, social policy, politics and health studies, and to healthcare professionals and their managers.
The chapter begins by looking at the social history of dentistry, considering first the reputation of dentists as ‘sadists’ or ‘charlatans’ and the process by which ‘dentistry’ has subsequently acquired the attributes of a profession. This analysis sheds some light on why, and how, dentistry has remained distinct from the profession of medicine (Nettleton 1992). The chapter then goes on to consider how dentistry has been regulated since the inception of the National Health Service. The impact of the public/private divisions within dentistry is addressed, as well as the recent changes in both the gender and ethnic composition of the workforce and their possible effect. Finally, recent policy changes and their likely impact on these issues are explored in the light of ...