The Right to Development (RTD) is a new and highly contested right. Its emergence is linked to the demand for a ‘new international economic order’ by developing countries. Composite in nature and integrating civil and political rights with economic, social and cultural rights, the RTD approach underscores participation, a fair sharing of benefits, transparency and non-discrimination. The present volume explores the theoretical and practical aspects of RTD as an alternative to existing approaches to development. It brings together the reflections and insights of some of the finest scholars on the specific aspects of RTD.

On the Theory and Practice of the Right to Development

On the theory and practice of the right to development
ArjunSengupta*

The Right to Development in Theory

Definition and Content of the Right to Development

The adoption by the United Nations in 1986 of the Declaration on the Right to Development1 (hereafter the RTD Declaration) was the culmination of a long process of international campaigning for human rights. From the beginning, the idea of human rights as an international concern was perceived as an integrated whole consisting of all civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights. It was first promoted in the Philadelphia Declaration of the International Labour Conference in 1944, and was then embodied in the Charter of the United Nations2 in 1945. After that, the Universal Declaration ...

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