The Right to Development (RTD) is a new and highly contested right. Its emergence is linked to the demand for a ‘new international economic order’ by developing countries. Composite in nature and integrating civil and political rights with economic, social and cultural rights, the RTD approach underscores participation, a fair sharing of benefits, transparency and non-discrimination. The present volume explores the theoretical and practical aspects of RTD as an alternative to existing approaches to development. It brings together the reflections and insights of some of the finest scholars on the specific aspects of RTD.

The Human Rights Framework for Development: Seven Approaches

The human rights framework for development: Seven approaches
Stephen P.Marks*

Introduction

The convergence of human rights and human development that had evolved historically on parallel and non-intersecting tracks, in the final decades of the 20th century, has only recently been acknowledged and studied little in either field literature or in policy documents. At the conceptual level, one can define development and human rights with a sufficient degree of abstraction as to be virtually identical and essentially unimpeachable. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) explains human development as being ‘about creating an environment in which people can develop their full potential and lead productive, creative lives in accord with their needs and interest [and] thus about expanding the choices people have ...

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