Intended as supplemental reading in courses on theories of development, this book augments traditional core texts by providing students with more depth on about two dozen recent and emerging theories that have appeared over the past 20 years. This period has seen a decline of the traditional "grand" theories that attempt to apply to all people all the time in favor of "micro theories" that focus more on individual differences, so a book like this actually points the way toward the future rather than dryly reviewing the past. In addition, the author inspects the changing ways in which the concept of "theory" itself has been interpreted during this period, and he concludes with a chapter suggesting future directions.
Chapter 13: Retrospect and Prospect
Retrospect and Prospect
The purpose of this book has been to offer brief descriptions of a variety of human-development theories that appeared in print during the final two decades of the 20th century. The models chosen for inclusion have represented only a limited selection of the many dozens of proposals published over the 1980–2000 period. Furthermore, the examples that have been included are chiefly from North American authors, supplemented by a few proposals from Western Europe. Consequently, no claim can be made that the contents of Chapters 2 through 12 form a complete or evenly balanced depiction of theories created throughout the world in the closing years of the century. The most that can be claimed is that 40-or-so versions described throughout this ...