- Subject index
Despite long standing efforts going back to the turn of the century when city planning and other reform movements emerged, the poverty and social problems of distressed urban neighborhoods in United States cities persist. This book looks at the progress that has taken place in many of the country's devastated areas. The book highlights examples of achievements made through community organizations and residents.
Chapter 9: Los Angeles: Borders to Poverty—Empowerment Zones and Spatial Politics of Development
Los Angeles: Borders to Poverty—Empowerment Zones and Spatial Politics of Development
From the antebellum reform movements focusing on a moral diagnosis of poverty to the most recent “war on poverty,” policymakers and the public perception they share have been entrenched in ideological warfare. The inherent nature of the “contact-and-removal” agenda of the past century and the current space-based poverty programs both incorporate the idea that certain urban spaces (i.e., urban cores, where minorities and immigrants are disproportionately housed) contain mysterious agents of social ills and as such are conducive to poverty. Equipped with the logic of social and spatial convergence, academic literature and social policy have attempted to eliminate poverty by providing means of increasing ...