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  • Contents
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Despite long standing efforts going back to the turn of the century when city planning and other reform movements emerged, the poverty and social problems of distressed urban neighborhoods in United States cities persist. This book looks at the progress that has taken place in many of the country's devastated areas. The book highlights examples of achievements made through community organizations and residents.

East St. Louis, Illinois: Promoting Community Development Through Empowerment Planning
East St. Louis, Illinois: Promoting community development through empowerment planning
KennethReardon
The Economic Collapse of East St. Louis

East St. Louis, once a thriving Illinois riverfront community of bustling rail yards, packinghouses, and steel mills, known as the “Pittsburgh of the West,” is now one of America's poorest cities. Its economy collapsed following World War II, when refrigerated trucks and rail cars eliminated the need for regional meat-packing centers, cars and trucks eclipsed railroads as the primary mode of travel, and Midwestern manufacturing plants moved to the South and overseas seeking lower production costs. Between 1970 and 1990, these changes led to a decline in the number of East St. Louis businesses from 1,527 to 383 and a ...

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