- Subject index
Despite long standing efforts going back to the turn of the century when city planning and other reform movements emerged, the poverty and social problems of distressed urban neighborhoods in United States cities persist. This book looks at the progress that has taken place in many of the country's devastated areas. The book highlights examples of achievements made through community organizations and residents.
Chapter 6: Cleveland: The Hough and Central Neighborhoods—Empowerment Zones and Other Urban Policies
Cleveland: The Hough and Central Neighborhoods—Empowerment Zones and Other Urban Policies
Cleveland: An Overview
By the early years of the 20th century, Cleveland emerged as one of the world's manufacturing centers. Iron and steel mills, foundries, and automobile, clothing, and chemical factories gave substance to a growing population that rose from 381,768 in 1900 to 560,663 in 1910. Immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe provided much of the increase. Workers tended to cluster in dozens of ethnic enclaves, while a trickle of more affluent Clevelanders moved further out. Almost all—rich and poor—lived in the same city, with the same institutions and political leadership.
World War I put an end to large-scale European immigration, but southern blacks were ...