- Subject index
Despite long standing efforts going back to the turn of the century when city planning and other reform movements emerged, the poverty and social problems of distressed urban neighborhoods in United States cities persist. This book looks at the progress that has taken place in many of the country's devastated areas. The book highlights examples of achievements made through community organizations and residents.
Chapter 5: Chicago: Community Building on Chicago's West Side-North Lawndale, 1960–1997
Chicago: Community Building on Chicago's West Side-North Lawndale, 1960–1997
In 1936, the primarily Eastern European neighborhood of North Lawn-dale on Chicago's west side represented neighborhood stability and cohesion, delivering 24,000 votes for the presidential campaign of Franklin D. Roosevelt, an incredible 97% of the ballots cast. He called it the “best Democratic Ward in the country” (Lemann, 1991, p. 82). In 1986, the 5.5-square-mile neighborhood of North Lawndale had become—for a team of Chicago Tribune reporters—the emblem of failed Great Society social policies and a neighborhood dominated by the pathologies of the underclass, an “American Millstone” (Chicago Tribune, 1986).1 Today, in another shift, after the community declined from a peak population in 1960 of 120,000 to some ...