This textbook will prove invaluable to teacher educators, teachers, educational psychologists, and any professional who is involved with teaching children to read. It provides a detailed examination of the processes that are involved in achieving fluent word reading skills and ability to comprehend written texts. Understanding these processes and their development empowers teachers to select appropriate, evidence-based teaching strategies and thus teach children more effectively. The book is in four parts: Part 1 provides the reader with a Tutorial Review covering essential knowledge about language, and presenting the two dimensions of the Simple View of Reading. Part 2 concentrates on the word reading dimension, with chapters on processes in skilled word reading, the development of these processes, and practical advice on research validated teaching methods to develop children’s word reading skills. Part 3 turns to the language comprehension dimension, with chapters on the comprehension of oral and written language, and on teaching reading comprehension. Part 4 introduces the reader to assessment practices and methods of identifying children with difficulties in either or both dimensions of the Simple View, and considers children with word reading difficulties and children with specific comprehension difficulties, describing effective evidence-based interventions for each type of difficulty.
Assessing reading: from international comparisons to individual processes
This chapter marks a transition from considering typical to considering atypical reading development. You will learn about different types of assessment of reading and the rationale for each of them, at international, national, school and classroom levels. You will learn a little about the statistics underlying standardized tests, and about the kinds of information you need to consider in selecting a test appropriate to your purposes. Assessment is essential to identification of children with reading difficulties: you will learn how to identify these children. You will also learn the importance of identifying their individual strengths and weaknesses, as the basis for designing targeted intervention programmes.
It is a truism that ...