This textbook will prove invaluable to teacher educators, teachers, educational psychologists, and any professional who is involved with teaching children to read. It provides a detailed examination of the processes that are involved in achieving fluent word reading skills and ability to comprehend written texts. Understanding these processes and their development empowers teachers to select appropriate, evidence-based teaching strategies and thus teach children more effectively. The book is in four parts: Part 1 provides the reader with a Tutorial Review covering essential knowledge about language, and presenting the two dimensions of the Simple View of Reading. Part 2 concentrates on the word reading dimension, with chapters on processes in skilled word reading, the development of these processes, and practical advice on research validated teaching methods to develop children’s word reading skills. Part 3 turns to the language comprehension dimension, with chapters on the comprehension of oral and written language, and on teaching reading comprehension. Part 4 introduces the reader to assessment practices and methods of identifying children with difficulties in either or both dimensions of the Simple View, and considers children with word reading difficulties and children with specific comprehension difficulties, describing effective evidence-based interventions for each type of difficulty.

Visual word recognition in skilled readers

Visual word recognition in skilled readers

Visual word recognition in skilled readers


In this chapter, you will learn about the two sets of processes that underlie skilled word reading. Understanding what is involved in skilled word reading will enable you to answer the question: How do we, as skilled readers, read words? But, as skilled word reading is the endpoint of development, this chapter will also help you understand what it is that children need to do to develop their word reading skills.

Different processes to read words

As skilled readers, we effortlessly absorb the meanings of the words on the page without conscious awareness of the complex processes that enable us to do this. The following exercise is designed to make you aware that there’s more ...

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