- Subject index
This Impact Series book by Yong Zhao is This book is about teaching for greatness. Chapter One discusses why education has been led to ignoring passion and strengths. Chapter Two makes the argument, based on current understanding of human abilities, that every child can be great. It also brings research from different disciplines to show where strengths and passions can be found. In Chapter Three, I discuss the human need for becoming great in order to achieve peace with themselves and arrive at authentic happiness. Chapter Four argues that in order to teach for greatness, we need to make education personalizable. Differing from personalized learning fundamentally, Personalizable Education gives students the control over their own learning. Features of Personalizable Education are also discussed. In the last chapter, Chapter Five, I discuss what is needed to realize Personalizable Education for all children. The author decries the standardization of curriculum and over-reliance on closing the Achievement Gap as futile and counterproductive. His examples and stories throughout the book describe practices that have gone awry and, more importantly, that have worked especially with disadvantaged children. He notes“ I was lucky, on two fronts. First, I was lucky that my parents or schools did not force me to fix my weaknesses according to whatever their definitions of strengths or weaknesses. They were very forgiving of my weaknesses and appreciative of my various adventures. Second I was lucky that the massive societal transformations in China and the world over the past few decades made it possible for me to use my strengths and interests, just as the fog on Christmas Eve made it possible for Rudolph to change his fate.” The fundamental reason for people to worry about the achievement gaps stems from two assumptions underlying education today. First, there is a set of skills and knowledge everyone must have in order to live a successful life in the world. Second, all children are capable of and interested in acquiring the skills and knowledge at a similar pace. Thus if a child is found be behind others, we must act to help them catch up at any cost. These assumptions are not true any longer. First, changes in society always redefine the value of knowledge and skills. Second, current understandings of human nature and human learning suggest that human beings are differently talented and have different desires and interests.
Chapter 1: The Ambitious Pursuit of Mediocrity : How Education Curtails Children’s Potential for Greatness
The Ambitious Pursuit of Mediocrity : How Education Curtails Children’s Potential for Greatness
Hanqing Liu was set up as an example of the disastrous consequences of pursuing one’s passion by a Chinese newspaper in 2017. According to a widely circulated story first published in Yangtse Evening (Wang, 2017), a local newspaper in Nanjing, China, Liu was admitted to one of the most prestigious and competitive universities in 1980 at the age of 16. At a time when less than 4 percent of high school graduates could be admitted to colleges in China, it is not an exaggeration for Liu, from a poor village, to be viewed as a prodigy. But now, at the ...