Radicalization in South Asia: Context, Trajectories and Implications presents a critical overview of radicalism, violence and terrorism in South Asia, a region that is diverse in terms of demography, religion, culture and political ideologies. While diversity could have worked as a push factor in strengthening democracies in the region, historically, fault lines in the South Asian faiths, culture, ethnicity, nationalism and political ideologies have triggered radical movements, and unleashed violence and terror attacks to destabilize democracies in the region. Against the backdrop of the current wave of illiberalism and radicalism sweeping over the US, Europe, Middle East, Australia and Latin America, this book presents the most recent scenario of the context, trajectories and policy implications for radicalism, violence and terrorism in five South Asian countries including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Maldives. It emphasizes the comparative insights provided by the changing values of South Asian society to offer a comprehensive picture of radicalization in this region.
Chapter 2: Kashmir's Syncretic Tradition and Challenges of Radicalization in a Raging Conflict
Kashmir has been unique in a number of respects. Its cultural personality is an outcome of its evolution as a community that runs into 5,000 years of history.1 Its geophysical structure has reinforced its defined borders in ethnocultural terms as well. It is generally accepted that the geography and all that constitutes the physical environment of a place play a very significant role in shaping the social characteristics and cultural attitudes of people.2 This could be no less true for Kashmir. Kashmir has been aptly described as a ‘fertile plain embedded among high mountain ranges, a valley ...