Radicalization in South Asia: Context, Trajectories and Implications presents a critical overview of radicalism, violence and terrorism in South Asia, a region that is diverse in terms of demography, religion, culture and political ideologies. While diversity could have worked as a push factor in strengthening democracies in the region, historically, fault lines in the South Asian faiths, culture, ethnicity, nationalism and political ideologies have triggered radical movements, and unleashed violence and terror attacks to destabilize democracies in the region. Against the backdrop of the current wave of illiberalism and radicalism sweeping over the US, Europe, Middle East, Australia and Latin America, this book presents the most recent scenario of the context, trajectories and policy implications for radicalism, violence and terrorism in five South Asian countries including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Maldives. It emphasizes the comparative insights provided by the changing values of South Asian society to offer a comprehensive picture of radicalization in this region.
Chapter 11: Developing Counter-Narrative for De-radicalization in Bangladesh: Issues and Challenges
‘It is difficult to defeat ideas by force alone.'1
Terrorists commit crimes against humanity and their brutality is beyond comprehension, and yet they portray themselves as ‘victims of injustices’ and try to ‘legitimize’ their actions through their narratives.2 [Page 310]They sometimes do so in the name of religion.3 Bangladeshi terrorists are no exception to this. On the fateful night of 1 July 2016, when the perpetrators burst into the Holey Artisan Café and killed two dozen innocent people (mostly non-Muslim foreigners), they shouted ‘Allahu Akbar’, which means ‘God is Great’. We also learnt from the media that after entering the bakery, the terrorists ...