Radicalization in South Asia: Context, Trajectories and Implications presents a critical overview of radicalism, violence and terrorism in South Asia, a region that is diverse in terms of demography, religion, culture and political ideologies. While diversity could have worked as a push factor in strengthening democracies in the region, historically, fault lines in the South Asian faiths, culture, ethnicity, nationalism and political ideologies have triggered radical movements, and unleashed violence and terror attacks to destabilize democracies in the region. Against the backdrop of the current wave of illiberalism and radicalism sweeping over the US, Europe, Middle East, Australia and Latin America, this book presents the most recent scenario of the context, trajectories and policy implications for radicalism, violence and terrorism in five South Asian countries including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Maldives. It emphasizes the comparative insights provided by the changing values of South Asian society to offer a comprehensive picture of radicalization in this region.
Chapter 6: Deradicalizing Militant Youth in Northern Pakistan
Following the successful counter-insurgency in the Swat region of Pakistan in 2009, male youth involved in militancy was apprehended by the Pakistan Army. These young individuals, aged between 12 and 17 years, were involved, in varying degrees, with Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi (TNSM), now known as Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP).
In August 2009, the Pakistan Army requested a psychologist (Dr Feriha Peracha) from the civil society to profile the initial youth apprehended. Twelve young boys were being held at the Circuit House, in Mingora, Swat. The psychologist with her colleague (Raafia Raees Khan) extensively interviewed and assessed the youth and the following was noted:
- The youth were ...