Radicalization in South Asia: Context, Trajectories and Implications presents a critical overview of radicalism, violence and terrorism in South Asia, a region that is diverse in terms of demography, religion, culture and political ideologies. While diversity could have worked as a push factor in strengthening democracies in the region, historically, fault lines in the South Asian faiths, culture, ethnicity, nationalism and political ideologies have triggered radical movements, and unleashed violence and terror attacks to destabilize democracies in the region. Against the backdrop of the current wave of illiberalism and radicalism sweeping over the US, Europe, Middle East, Australia and Latin America, this book presents the most recent scenario of the context, trajectories and policy implications for radicalism, violence and terrorism in five South Asian countries including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Maldives. It emphasizes the comparative insights provided by the changing values of South Asian society to offer a comprehensive picture of radicalization in this region.
Chapter 5: Counter-Radicalization in Sri Lanka: A Blueprint for Action
Sri Lanka is no stranger to the devastating impacts of radicalization. Since achieving independence in 1948, the country has suffered from two insurrections and a three-decade-long civil war, all of which were prompted by various processes of radicalization. Moreover, many of the factors that fuelled the various forms of radicalization in Sri Lanka remain unaddressed, or at best addressed through short-term measures that do not guarantee non-recurrence and lasting political and socio-economic stability. It is therefore necessary to undertake a systematic study of radicalization in Sri Lanka as well as the State's ...