This is an entirely new edition of the author’s 1984 study (originally published by South End Press) of radical media and movements. The first and second sections are original to this new edition. The first section explores social and cultural theory in order to argue that radical media should be a central part of our understanding of media in history. The second section weaves an historical and international tapestry of radical media to illustrate their centrality and diversity, from dance and graffiti to video and the internet and from satirical prints and street theatre to culture-jamming, subversive song, performance art and underground radio. The section also includes consideration of ultra-rightist media as a key contrast case. The book’s third section provides detailed case studies of the anti-fascist media explosion of 1974-75 in Portugal, Italy’s long-running radical media, radio and access video in the USA, and illegal media in the dissolution of the former Soviet bloc dictatorships.
Chapter 15: Radio
The story of radio's radical alternative uses is hugely important, for in the second half of the 20th century, the technology has the profound advantages of cheapness and, since the transistor radio, of easy portability. In nations with substantial illiteracy, including major nations such as India or Brazil, radio has predictably played a more important role than the press. Even in the United States, people over 12 spend 44% of the time they devote to media to listening to radio—more than to any other single mass medium1—although the programming options are extremely limited by international or even earlier American standards. Internet radio, in its beginnings at the time of writing, offers extraordinary possibilities for national and global diffusion of radical interactive audio.
Radio's accessibility has ...