In most countries in the world today, political ideologies seem on the defensive, weak and irrelevant. Since 1989 socialism has disappeared from the political agenda. Of course, there are still socialist, even communist parties, but either they have dropped the hard-core socialist agenda, or their chances for realizing a socialist politics are very small. Even the weaker form of socialism, that is, the social democratic project of the welfare state, is on the defence. As a combination of economic-fiscal and ideological causes, the question is no longer how to develop the welfare state, but rather how much of it can be kept, and how much redistribution of incomes there can, and should, be. What about the fate of the other two old classical ideologies ...