We hear much about ‘race’ and ‘racism’ in public discourse but the terms are frequently used without clear definitions or practical examples of how these phenomena actually work.

Racisms introduces practical methods which enable students to think coherently and sociologically about this complex feature of the global landscape.

Steve Garner argues that there is no single monolithic object of analysis but rather a plural set of ideas and practices that result in the introduction of ‘race’ into social relations. This differs over time and from one place to another.

Focusing on the basics, Racisms:

Defines ‘race’, ‘racism’, ‘institutional racism’ and ‘racialization’; Provides examples of how these function in fields like the natural sciences and asylum; Clearly sets out theoretical arguments around collective identities (‘race’, class, gender, nation, religion); Uses empirical case studies, including some drawn from the author's own fieldwork; Points students and other readers toward sources of further web and text based information

Engaging and accessible this book provides a sign-posted route into key elements of contemporary debates.

Racisms is an ideal introduction for undergraduates studying ‘race’ and ethnicity, social divisions, stratification, and social work.

‘Race’, Nation, State

‘Race’, nation, state

There is a distinction between the nation, nationalism and the nation state, and in this chapter we are focusing on the latter and its relationship with ‘race’. Nation states are a product of what sociologists refer to as ‘modernity’, the period of global changes starting from around the turn of the sixteenth century and ending in the late twentieth, a period which includes processes such as secularisation, industrialisation, urbanisation, democratisation, and the division of the world into the nation state system. Regardless of the extent to which people in various nations argue over how long their nation has existed, and what the roots of nationalism are, the nation state as we know it today itself dates to the French Revolution. ...

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