This unique collection brings together selections from the work that has defined our understanding of racism. Every significant contribution to the analysis of racism over the past 50 years are comprised in this one book, including extracts from Myrdal's An American Dilemma, Cox's Marxist theory, Carmichael and Hamilton's introduction of the term ‘institutional racism’ and recent textual analyses. Ordered chronologically, so that the reader can work through the narrative of changes coherently, each contribution is introduced by the editors and the whole collection is bound together by introductory and concluding chapters. The result is an unparalleled teaching and study resource. No other book presents the highlights, range and complexity of the various attempts to unravel racism, in such a comprehensive and panoramic way.
Chapter 35: The Invention of White Race: Racial Oppression and Social Control
The Invention of White Race: Racial Oppression and Social Control
The author explores the relationship between racism, ethnicity, and class-based power. He utilizes Irish history to illustrate that as race is a social construction, so is ‘white’. Allen does this by giving ample examples of the ‘racial oppression’ faced by Irish tribes at the hands of the English. This racial oppression is similar in some ways to that experienced by African tribes by European powers in the colonization of Africa. But when Irish immigrants arrive in the United States throughout various periods, it becomes clear that coopting them as ‘white’ is a way of maintaining a social and wealth status quo beneficial to the very ...