This unique collection brings together selections from the work that has defined our understanding of racism. Every significant contribution to the analysis of racism over the past 50 years are comprised in this one book, including extracts from Myrdal's An American Dilemma, Cox's Marxist theory, Carmichael and Hamilton's introduction of the term ‘institutional racism’ and recent textual analyses. Ordered chronologically, so that the reader can work through the narrative of changes coherently, each contribution is introduced by the editors and the whole collection is bound together by introductory and concluding chapters. The result is an unparalleled teaching and study resource. No other book presents the highlights, range and complexity of the various attempts to unravel racism, in such a comprehensive and panoramic way.
Chapter 32: The Retreat of Scientific Racism: Changing Concepts of Race in Britain and the United States Between the World Wars
The Retreat of Scientific Racism: Changing Concepts of Race in Britain and the United States Between the World Wars
The author examines the development of racism between the First and Second World Wars. It is during this period that racism emerged as a major political and scientific issue. The rise of Nazism and ‘Aryan science’ generated an intellectual movement challenging notions of natural racial orders. This movement was led by individuals like Franz Boas in the United States. In Britain the movement to counter scientific racism was more diffuse. Although some British scholars who earlier espoused validity for natural racial orders began to change their thinking during ...