This unique collection brings together selections from the work that has defined our understanding of racism. Every significant contribution to the analysis of racism over the past 50 years are comprised in this one book, including extracts from Myrdal's An American Dilemma, Cox's Marxist theory, Carmichael and Hamilton's introduction of the term ‘institutional racism’ and recent textual analyses. Ordered chronologically, so that the reader can work through the narrative of changes coherently, each contribution is introduced by the editors and the whole collection is bound together by introductory and concluding chapters. The result is an unparalleled teaching and study resource. No other book presents the highlights, range and complexity of the various attempts to unravel racism, in such a comprehensive and panoramic way.
Chapter 22: Reflections on American Racism
Reflections on American Racism
This article is a critique of the proposal that ‘symbolic racism’ is a new form of racism in the United States. Symbolic racism is similar to what has been described as covert racism, a dynamic that is not expressed in open confrontation or resistance to groups specifically based on race. An example of overt racism would include beliefs and actions directed at the residential, education, or spatial segregation of racial groups. Symbolic racism, on the other hand, may include opposition to bussing without citing that the basis of this position may be opposition to race mixing. Calling for the presumptory arrest of black youth because presumably they tend to be criminally involved is overt ...