This unique collection brings together selections from the work that has defined our understanding of racism. Every significant contribution to the analysis of racism over the past 50 years are comprised in this one book, including extracts from Myrdal's An American Dilemma, Cox's Marxist theory, Carmichael and Hamilton's introduction of the term ‘institutional racism’ and recent textual analyses. Ordered chronologically, so that the reader can work through the narrative of changes coherently, each contribution is introduced by the editors and the whole collection is bound together by introductory and concluding chapters. The result is an unparalleled teaching and study resource. No other book presents the highlights, range and complexity of the various attempts to unravel racism, in such a comprehensive and panoramic way.
Chapter 15: Racially Separate or Together?
Racially Separate or Together?
Thomas Pettigrew's work is often cited as among the most illuminating social psychological work on racism. A student of Gordon Allport, he extended Allport's research, addressing questions of changes in what they both called ‘racial attitudes’. In the introduction to Racially Separate or Together!, a volume that collects many of his articles and chapters from the previous decade, Pettigrew wrote: ‘“White racism,” if it is to have any practical usefulness beyond supplying the epithet “white racist,” must be thought of as operating at two levels: the individual and the institutional’ (pp. xvii-xviii).
Pettigrew's research in the 1960s confirmed his agreement with the Kerner Commission of Civil Disorders, which concluded that: ‘Our nation is moving toward two societies, one ...