This unique collection brings together selections from the work that has defined our understanding of racism. Every significant contribution to the analysis of racism over the past 50 years are comprised in this one book, including extracts from Myrdal's An American Dilemma, Cox's Marxist theory, Carmichael and Hamilton's introduction of the term ‘institutional racism’ and recent textual analyses. Ordered chronologically, so that the reader can work through the narrative of changes coherently, each contribution is introduced by the editors and the whole collection is bound together by introductory and concluding chapters. The result is an unparalleled teaching and study resource. No other book presents the highlights, range and complexity of the various attempts to unravel racism, in such a comprehensive and panoramic way.
Chapter 1: The Negro Race and European Civilization
The Negro Race and European Civilization
The editors included this article because it reflects the paternalistic view of some scholars in earlier periods regarding race, and Negroes. The author portrays European civilizations as superior, and the ‘negro race’ as inferior, lacking in certain qualities, such as lack of social organization and social action, lack of social fellow-feeling (this explains cannibalism, according to the author), lack of originality of thought, and lack of artistic qualities, especially ‘deficient on the side of the mechanical arts …’ and in general, ‘show[ing] no tendency toward higher development’. These characteristics actually facilitated slavery and the slave trade according to the author. However, in quite liberal terms, Reinsch claims that the negro race will nevertheless ...