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Chapter 6: Minimizing Alternative Explanations for Research Findings: Internal Validity

Minimizing Alternative Explanations for Research Findings: Internal Validity
Minimizing alternative explanations for research findings: Internal validity

Referring back to the axiom we stated in our Overview to Section II, when conducting research in the quantitative tradition, researchers aim to minimize probable alternative explanations for the results observed. In research parlance, minimizing alternative explanations by controlling nuisance variables that may be associated with the attributes or characteristics being studied is referred to as minimizing threats to the internal validity of a study. The concept of “internal validity” is somewhat parallel to the term credibility under the qualitative tradition, a connection we make in the section “Connections to Qualitative Research.” Campbell and Stanley ...