Numerical data are everywhere. Charts and statistics appear not just in geography journals but also in the media, in public policy, and in business and commerce too. To engage with quantitative geography, we must engage with the quantitative methods used to collect, analyse, present and interpret these data. Quantitative Geography: The Basics is the perfect introduction for undergraduates beginning any quantitative methods course. Written in short, user-friendly chapters with full-colour diagrams, the book guides the reader through a wide range of topics from the basic to the more advanced, including: • Statistics • Maths • Graphics • Models • Mapping and GIS • R Closely aligned with the Q-Step quantitative social science programme, Quantitative Geography: The Basics is the ideal starting point for understanding and exploring this fundamental area of Geography.

Principles of Statistics (Or, How Statistics Work)

Principles of Statistics (Or, How Statistics Work)

Principles of Statistics (Or, How Statistics Work)

3.1 Introduction

Chapter 2 talked a lot about statistics, but did so without defining what that word means. It instead relied on an everyday intuition that understands statistics as numbers, tables and graphs published in the media, in policy papers, in academic journals and in business reports. A simple example of this sort of statistics is found on the US Census Bureau’s website where it lists the ten most populous countries as of 1 July 2014 (as shown in Table 3.1). To say China had a population of 1,355,692,576 is ...