Numerical data are everywhere. Charts and statistics appear not just in geography journals but also in the media, in public policy, and in business and commerce too. To engage with quantitative geography, we must engage with the quantitative methods used to collect, analyse, present and interpret these data. Quantitative Geography: The Basics is the perfect introduction for undergraduates beginning any quantitative methods course. Written in short, user-friendly chapters with full-colour diagrams, the book guides the reader through a wide range of topics from the basic to the more advanced, including: • Statistics • Maths • Graphics • Models • Mapping and GIS • R Closely aligned with the Q-Step quantitative social science programme, Quantitative Geography: The Basics is the ideal starting point for understanding and exploring this fundamental area of Geography.

Analysing Geographical Patterns and Differences

Analysing Geographical Patterns and Differences

Analysing Geographical Patterns and Differences

11.1 Introduction

One of the criticisms of quantitative geography has been that it is nomothetic –looking for general rules of, say, human behaviour and insensitive to or not interested in variation or difference. The focus, it is argued, is on average outcomes and relationships. As Chapter 1 discussed, it is true that some of the origins of quantitative geography lie in a period during the 1960s and 1970s when theories and ‘laws’ of economics, as well as physics, acted as inspiration for testing or modifying those ideas in the spatial domain (see Johnston and Sidaway, 2015). However, as a caricature of what takes place under the umbrella of contemporary quantitative geography, the criticism is anachronistic. With ...

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