• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Deregulation, privatization, and marketization have become the bywords for the reforms and debates surrounding the public sector. This major book is unique in its comparative analysis of the reform experience across the globe, from Canada, the West, and Eastern Europe to Australia and New Zealand. Leading country experts identify a number of key factors to systematically explain the similarities and differences, map common problems, and together reflect on the future shape of the public sector. Significant themes and topics explored in this lively and accessible book include the often neglected conflict between the drive for efficiency and questions of justice, the new role of local government, the quest for decentralization and the enhancement of competitiveness, and the introduction of public joint stock companies. Public Sector Reform will be essential reading for all students and researchers of public policy, public administration, and comparative government.

Public Sector Reform in France
Public sector reform in France

In France the state is a very old institution, which tradition anchors particularly in the characteristics that the French Revolution and the empire granted it. Three can be named here. The first is the pre-eminence, strongly established in political practice if not in the constitution, of the executive institutions and particularly of individual authorities (emperor, king, president of the Republic, prime minister) in relation to Parliament and even more to the judiciary. The second characteristic is the corresponding concentration of administrative powers in the hands of individual authorities at the national level, and of the prefects who closely depend on them at the departmental level. As Sieyès put it, ‘to deliberate is the fact of several ...

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