“Dodge Fernald writes an interesting, easy-to-read book for students. Each perspective covers the historical underpinnings of psychology, ending with current models and viewpoints as well as comments and critiques of the perspective. That’s important and will help the next generation of scholars in psychology to appreciate alternative views. Nice book!”Joseph R. Ferrari, Ph.D, Vincent de Paul Distinguished Professor, DePaul University Addressing six perspectives, this textbook offers the framework for a conceptual understanding of modern psychology. Psychology: Six Perspectives shows students a measure of unity and continuity within this fragmented field by briefly and coherently discussing six primary perspectives that have arisen: biological, psychoanalytical, behavioral, humanistic, cognitive, and evolutionary. Author L. Dodge Fernald provides coherence by presenting these perspectives in successive historical order, offering students a broad, retrospective account of psychology. Key FeaturesPortrays the fundamental dimensions of this multifaceted field: The similarities and differences among basic concepts, theories, research, and practice of each perspective are examined.Employs both a scientific mode of communication as well as a narrative thread: The real-life narrative of a lonely, stout-hearted social worker unfolds gently throughout the text, illustrating in turn each of the perspectives.Stimulates critical thinking and class discussion: Opportunities for critical evaluation and everyday application provide students with a context for extending their understanding of and investigation into psychology.Intended AudienceThis core textbook or supplementary text is designed for undergraduate courses in general psychology, ranging from special sections of introductory psychology to the capstone course or senior seminar, including the history and systems of psychology.
Chapter 9: Sociocultural Foundations
- The Inevitable Human Influence
- Social Psychology
- Psychology and Culture
Social and cultural viewpoints, which are distinct from one another, both emphasize that virtually all human behavior takes place in a human context. Other people, past and present, inevitably influence our daily activities and experience. We are inescapably social creatures, so much so that we find it extremely difficult to live apart from others of our kind. Rightfully or not, we regard a hermit as a strange person, and solitary confinement remains one of our cruelest psychological punishments.
[Page 303]This chapter begins by noting the importance of social and cultural interactions and traditions in our lives. Afterward, it turns to ...