Fifty research-based literacy strategies designed for busy K-8 classroom teachersOrganized around 10 key areas for teaching and learning literacy—phonemic awareness, phonics, reading fluency, vocabulary, story comprehension, comprehension of informational text, questioning for understanding, discussion for understanding, narrative writing, and writing to learn-Promoting Literacy Development offers 50 clearly written, step-by-step strategies for developing proficient readers and writers. The authors also include suggestions for differentiating instruction for English language learners and for students with special needs.

Sound Sorts
Sound sorts

Speaking Briefly: An Overview of the Literacy Strategy

Sound Sorts is an instructional strategy that facilitates students' attention to phonemes. As emergent and early readers focus on and think about sounds, they are developing metalinguistic awareness (Yopp & Yopp, 2000). Metalinguistic awareness is the ability to see language as an object to study (Yopp, 1992). Some students experience difficulties with phonemic awareness instruction because they are unable to see speech sounds as objects that can be manipulated. Sound sort activities provide students with opportunities to step back and focus on the sounds they hear in words.

The primary purpose for implementing the Sound Sorts activity is to facilitate readers' ability to perceive that speech is made up of a series of sounds (Yopp, 1992). ...

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