Fifty research-based literacy strategies designed for busy K-8 classroom teachersOrganized around 10 key areas for teaching and learning literacy—phonemic awareness, phonics, reading fluency, vocabulary, story comprehension, comprehension of informational text, questioning for understanding, discussion for understanding, narrative writing, and writing to learn-Promoting Literacy Development offers 50 clearly written, step-by-step strategies for developing proficient readers and writers. The authors also include suggestions for differentiating instruction for English language learners and for students with special needs.
Strategy 30: Keys to Understanding
Speaking Briefly: An Overview of the Literacy Strategy
Keys to Understanding is an instructional strategy that focuses on identifying the main idea while reading expository text. Elementary school students often struggle with the myriad facts contained in informational text and are unable to grasp the “big idea” (Keene & Zimmerman, 2007). In order to support students in the processing of informational text, it is critical to provide readers with strategies to focus on important points, supporting details, and summaries (Block & Pressley, 2007). Readers are also more likely to process and retain information when they generate summaries and visual representations of text (Duke & Pearson, 2002).
The focus of this strategy is to facilitate readers' understanding of informational text as they discuss ...